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Fallopian tubes, ovaries, the vagina and uterus (womb) are all part of the female reproductive system. The penis, testicles, epididymis, vas deferens and prostate gland make up the male reproductive system.
Fertility awareness and planning
Ovulation is when the ovary releases an egg, that’s the time when the sperm has to be around to fertilise the egg.
Fertility problems can be traumatic. Assisted reproduction techniques, including in vitro fertilisation (IVF) may help some people who are infertile.
- In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
- Infertility - female
- Infertility - male
- Infertility treatments - female
- Infertility treatments - male
Health conditions may affect fertility
Fertility problems can be caused by a range of conditions including endometriosis, diabetes and Chlamydia. Some women may need to be aware of the effects of the drug diethylstilboestrol (DES).
Other options for becoming parents
Adoption, foster care and permanent care are other options people may consider if they want to have children.
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